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Revolutionizing Education: Looking Back on Three Years of India’s NEP 2020

July 29, 2023


Recently, redesigning the structure of the Indian academic sector by the central cabinet has turned many heads on. The National Education Policy (NEP) with effect from July 29, 2020, onwards is a big step towards reforming the education sector aimed at holistic development of students. The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, a comprehensive and forward-looking blueprint, set out to adopt a multidisciplinary approach to education for maximizing skills and learning. 

The progressions of the NEP framework are absolutely unforeseen as it’s yet to come into full effect by the targeted year 2040.  The good news is that the NEP declaration will adopt a multi-disciplinary approach primarily focused on innovation and technology that will spark critical thinking and exploration regardless of caste, category, gender disparity, or any sort of disability. With the speed of technological change, the onus is now more on practical learning (learning by doing), unlike theoretical learning. As part of the reformation, student autonomy throughout the learning and development journey is a key feature of the NEP policy.

Since its introduction three years ago, the policy has been a subject of extensive debate and anticipation. In this blog, we will explore the key implementations of NEP 2020, analyze its impact in the last three years, and reflect on the transformation it has brought to the Indian education system. 

Major Implementations of the NEP 2020

  1. Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education

The policy laid emphasis on multidisciplinary learning and move away from siloed learning and foster an environment where students could explore diverse learning concepts. Over the past three years, schools and colleges have actively revamped their curriculum to offer a wider range of courses, allowing students to pursue their passions and interests across various disciplines.

  1. Integration of Practical Learning Experiences 

Recognizing the importance of employability, NEP 2020 emphasized skill development and vocational training through practical learning approaches. By incorporating interdisciplinary subjects, project-based learning, and vocational courses, the shift toward competency-based education is gaining momentum. This will lead to a more holistic approach to the candidate’s evaluation process, focusing on skill development rather than rote memorization.

  1. Learning Flexibility and Choice

The introduction of a multidisciplinary approach has allowed students to pursue diverse interests by creating multiple entry and exit points that will open up new possibilities for lifelong learning. This will offer greater flexibility and choice in their continuous learning journey. Such freedom to switch disciplines seamlessly in higher education will facilitate greater autonomy in choosing their learning path across diverse skill sets throughout their digital learning journey.

  1. Technology Integration 

NEP 2020 has acknowledged the transformative role of technology in education. In the last three years, educational institutions have embraced technology to facilitate online learning and development. From digitized classrooms to online learning platforms, technology has become an integral part of the education ecosystem, promoting seamless access to knowledge and resources. 

In the past three years, various initiatives have been taken to empower teachers with new pedagogical techniques, technology-enabled teaching methodologies, and modern tools to enhance their effectiveness in the classroom. Besides, tech-based adult learning mediums such as apps, online courses/modules, online books satellite-based TV channels are expected to leverage technology-based education for students.

  1. Introduction of adaptive assessments and Education

The new assessment architecture defined by the NEP 2020 across all stages of education is the inclusion of formative and adaptive assessments that can generate predictive insights. The purpose of introducing such an assessment structure is to make the evaluation process more comprehensive, and equitable, and reduce fatigue among students. This skilling and evaluation process will incorporate hands-on project-based learning and interactive training tools that can boost critical thinking skills while eliminating rote learning. Besides, this will make learning fun and entertaining by incorporating game-based interactivities into learning programs. The assessment forms that are considered for reforms can be categorized as:

  • Formative
  • Regular, and 
  • Competency-based assessments

The National Education Policy 2020, introduced three years ago, has been a transformative force in India’s education landscape. The impact has been multi-dimensional, fostering critical thinking, promoting inclusivity, enhancing digital literacy, and encouraging research and innovation.

NEP 2020: A Look Back into the Last Three Years 

Some of the key highlights of the NEP 2020 over the past three years are:

  1. By 2030, all affiliating universities will cease to exist, and all multidisciplinary standalone institutions will be permitted to award degrees. This suggests the universalization of education with a 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in school education.
  2. The NEP is focused on increasing the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) which is currently around 26% compared to other countries (China, Brazil, and North American nations). 
  3. 2020 emphasized the integration of skill development and vocational education within higher education to enhance employability and entrepreneurship. At least 50% of learners are expected to have exposure to skill development and vocational education (soft and hard) by 2025.
  4. NEP 2020 acknowledged the transformative potential of technology in education. In the last three years, there has been a significant increase in the integration of technology in classrooms.  
  5. NEP 2020 aimed to promote inclusivity and equity in education, ensuring that every child has access to quality education. Over the last three years, there have been efforts to bridge the urban-rural divide and provide equal opportunities to students from disadvantaged backgrounds. 
  6. NEP policy’s emphasis on the mother tongue as a medium of instruction has empowered students from marginalized communities and tribal regions to engage more effectively with the learning process.

The above stats assert that in the last three years, educational institutions across the country have taken substantial steps to revamp their curriculum and pedagogy. Needless to say, there has been a shift away from rote learning towards experiential and skill-based learning. Schools and colleges have introduced cross-disciplinary subjects, allowing students to explore diverse interests and talents. Let’s get a closer look into the impact of NEP in the last three years.

Impact of NEP 2020 in the Last 3 Years

Over the last three years, the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has been a driving force behind transformative changes in India’s education landscape. With its ambitious vision and innovative approach, NEP 2020 aimed to revolutionize the way education is delivered and received in the country. One of the key implementations of NEP 2020 was the emphasis on promoting holistic and multidisciplinary education. This shift away from rote learning has nurtured critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving skills among students, preparing them for the challenges of the 21st century.

Another significant impact of NEP 2020 has been its focus on skill development and vocational training. By integrating practical learning experiences and apprenticeships into the curriculum, the policy has equipped students with employable skills, enhancing their prospects in the job market. This emphasis on skill development has also encouraged students to explore entrepreneurship and become job creators, contributing to India’s growing start-up ecosystem.

The last three years have witnessed the rapid integration of technology into the education system, following NEP 2020’s recognition of its transformative potential. With a vision of achieving the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER currently at 26.3%) of 50% by 2035, educational institutions have embraced digital learning platforms, online tech assessments, and interactive teaching tools, making education more accessible and engaging. The pandemic-induced shift to online learning further accelerated this process, highlighting the importance of technology in ensuring uninterrupted education.


Despite the positive impact of NEP 2020, there are challenges that need to be addressed in the coming years. Bridging the digital divide and ensuring equitable access to education for all segments of society remains a priority. Furthermore, sustained efforts and collaboration between policymakers, educators, and stakeholders are essential to fully realize the potential of NEP 2020 and bring about a revolutionary transformation in India’s education system. With the continued commitment to the policy’s vision, learning and development initiatives can stride confidently towards a brighter and more inclusive future in education.

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